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Community Medicine Major Topics to Study

For the medical student, these are the major topics for the study of the community medicine topics

Community Medicine Major Topics for Medical Students


1.1 Family Planning, Safe Motherhood,

1.2 Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases (CDD), Acute Respiratory Diseases(ARI),  Nutrition, National Programme on Immunization & Integrated Management of  Childhood Illness (IMCI)

1.3 Malaria, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis, Filaria

1.4 Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)Control

1.5 Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control.

1.6 Health Education, Information and Communication

2. Planning and Management

2.1 Community Health Diagnosis & Health Profile

2.2 Micro Planning of Health Programme

2.3 Supervision, Monitoring, and Evaluation of Health Programmes

2.4 Health Management Information System (HMIS)

2.5 Planning and Management of Camps

2.6 Cold Chain Management

2.7 Health Training Management in Different Settings

2.8 Logistic Management

3. Organizational Structure and Functions

3.1 Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP), Department of Health Service (DoHS), Regional Health Directorate (RHD)

3.2 District Health Office (DHO), District Public Health Office (DPHO)

3.3 Primary Health Care Center (PHCC), Health Post (HP), Sub Health Post (SHP)

4. Community Mobilization & Local Governance

4.1 Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHV) and Mother’s Groups

4.2 Primary Health Care Outreach Clinic

4.3 Community Drug Programme (CDP)

4.4 Mobilization of Local Health Leaders and Committees

4.5 Decentralized Management of Health Services

5. Epidemiology and Disease Control

5.1 Definition, Scope, Causes of Disease and Infection

5.2 Types and Management of Disasters

5.3 Management of Epidemics

5.4 Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Management, Prevention and Control of Gastroenteritis, Dysentery, Cholera, Typhoid Fever, Giardiasis, Malaria, Filariasis, Encephalitis, Kala-azar, Parasitic Infestation, Scabies, Chicken Pox, Influenza, Mumps, Rabies, Hepatitis, Ring Worm, Leprosy, Tuberculosis, Helminthiasis, Pertussis, Measles and Diphtheria

6. Environmental Sanitation

6.1 Water Purification, Waste Management, Food Hygiene, Sanitation of public places, Health Hazards, Sanitary Latrines, Basic Measures in Controlling Rodents, Medical Importance and Measures of Controlling Common Vectors and Insects

7. Child Health Problems and Interventions

7.1 Common Neo-natal Problems

7.2 Common Child Health Problems like CDD, ARI, Malaria and Malnutrition.

7.3 Nutritional Interventions, Immunization Services

8. General Medicine

8.1 General History Taking, Simple Physical Examination, Systemic Examination.

8.2 Various Methods of Diagnosis, Complication, and Management of Diseases in Respiratory, Digestive, Cardiovascular, Urinary, Endocrine, Hematology and Central Nervous System with their terminology, Etiology, and clinical features

9. First Aid and Emergency Management

9.1 Shock, Poisoning, Injuries, Haemorrhage, External bleeding, Thermal and Chemical Burns, Fracture and Dislocation, Frost Bite, Insect bite, Animal bite, Snake bite and Drowning, Abscess and Cellulitis

10. Skin Diseases

10.1 Impetigo, Contagious, Boils, Tinea Infection, Herpes Zoster, Scabies, Eczema,

Allergic Conditions and Acute drug reaction

11. Elementary Surgery

11.1 Haemorrhage, Management of inflammation, Septicemia, Toxemia, Sinus,

fistula, Gangrene, Wound, Tetanus, Acute Pain Abdomen, Hernia, Anal Fissure,

Piles, Acute Retention of Urine, Causes of Frequent Urination and Nocturia,

Management of Rupture of Urethra, Haematuria, Phimosis, Paraphimosis,

Hydrocele, Head Injury, Clinical features and management of Osteomyelitis,

Local Anesthesia, Sterilization of Surgical Instruments

12. Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

12.1 General Examination Procedures of Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat
12.2 Signs and Symptoms and General Management of Eye Lid complications, Red Eyes, Trachoma, Corneal ulcer, Night Blindness, Cataract, Pterygium, Iridocyclitis, Glaucoma and foreign body in the eyes

12.3 Removal of Wax and Foreign Bodies, Signs and Symptoms and Management of Otitis Media, Otitis Externa, and referral conditions of hearing problems

12.4 Deviated nasal Septum, Nasal polyps, Epistaxis and Sinusitis

12.5 Clinical Features, Complications, and Management of Acute Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis, and Laryngitis

13. Oral Health and Mental Health

13.1 Dental plaques and calculus, Dental Carries, Periodontitis, Peridonal pockets and


Abscess, Importance, and Maintenance of Oral Hygiene

13.2 Psychosis, Neurosis and Mental Retardation

14. Reproductive Health Problems and Interventions

14.1 Male and Female reproductive System, mechanism of Menstruation, Conception, Evolution, Vaginal Discharge, Management of Per Vaginal Bleeding, Post

Menopausal Bleeding, Uterine Prolapsed, Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases; Causes, Signs, Symptoms, and Complication of Entopic pregnancy, Management of Engorgement of Mastitis. and Breast Abscess

14.2 Management of Normal Labor and Early Diagnosis and Referral of Complicated Pregnancy, Labor, Puerperium

14.3 Safe Abortions, Permanent and Temporary Contraceptives

15. Acts and Regulations

15.1 Health Service Act, 2053 and Regulation, 2055

15.2 Health Professional Council Act, 2053 and Regulation, 2056

Sample Questions

1. The route of infection in diarrhea is:

(A) Oral to fecal (B) Faecal to Oral (C) Inhalation (D) Skin Contact

2. The main objectives of Safer Motherhood is

(A) Safe delivery without disturbing the life of the mother

(B) Safe delivery without disturbing the life of a baby

(C) A and B

(D) None of the above

3. Which one does not give a guarantee for contraception?

(A) Vasectomy (B) Intrauterine Device

(C) Oral Pills (D) Breast Feeding

4. The elimination of Leprosy means:

(A) One case per ten thousand populations.

(B) Below one case per ten thousand populations.

(C) One case per thousand populations.

(D) No one case per ten thousand populations.

5. The most sensitive indicator for the health status of the country is:


6. Coliform present in the water indicates:

(A) Excreta contamination in the water

(B) Mud in the water

(C) Chemical contamination in the water

(D) Pure water

Details of abbreviation used in this curriculum:

ARI    Acute Respiratory Infection

AIDS   Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

CDR   Crude Death Rate

CDD   Control of Diarrhoeal Disease

DHO   District Health Office

DPHO District Public Health Office

DoHS  Department of Health Service

EPI      Expanded Programme on Immunization

HIV      Human Immunodeficiency Virus

IMR      Infant Mortality Rate

IEC       Information, Education, and Communication

HP       Health Post

SHP     Sub Health Post

HMIS    Health Management Information System

FP        Family Planning
FCHV   Female Community Health Volunteers

TBA      Trained Birth Attendants

MoHP    Ministry of Health and Population

RHD     Regional Health Directorate
MMR     Maternal Mortality Rate

TFR       Total Fertility Rate

IMCI       Integrated Management of Childhood Illness.



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