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5 Best antibiotics for toothache You should Know

Best antibiotics for toothache should be used so as to get effective control of infection. When you have a toothache, first of all, you should find out the root because of it.  From there, you can determine how to best relieve any pain, swelling, or another symptom by use of these medicines

Toothache is one of the major problems among all. Every person had to undergo toothache at least once in their lifetime. Toothache without infection is not a major problem but when there is toothache due to infections then it needs to be addressed as soon as possible. If it is not addressed within the time period, then there can be lots of complications.

Best antibiotics for toothache
Best antibiotics for toothache

So, whatever the reason for toothache is, the first thing that needs to be done is, it should be ruled out the exact cause. For non-infective cause, some OTC pain relievers and the prevention measure can be done but when there is suspicion of infection, the best antibiotics for toothache should be used.

Let’s discuss further regarding this.

What is Antibiotics for a toothache?

An antibiotic is an antimicrobial substance that gives protection against microorganism bacteria. Antibiotics are also called as antimicrobial agents for bacterial infection. These agents kill There are lots of types of antibiotics used widely for the different types of infections.

Best antibiotics for toothache Antibiotics for a toothache
Best antibiotics for toothache Antibiotics for a toothache

The best antibiotics for toothache are generally used for the coverage of infection of the teeth. They are also the normal antibiotics used in other infections. As generally, oral infections are mostly due to gram-positive infections, the antibiotics used in tooth infections cover the gram-positive covered antibiotics.

When you suspect the infection of the teeth that it will be wise to use antibiotics. Sometimes the only antibiotics may not work especially abscess formation due to infection. They need surgical intervention as well.


How antibiotics basically work?

Antibiotics generally work in many mechanisms. Generally, we can say they prevent infection either by killing the bacteria or inhibit the growth of bacteria. The killing of bacterial or inhibit the growth of bacterial are of different mechanism of action. To know Best antibiotics for toothache, lets know about the basic mechanism of actions of antibiotics

Mechanism of Action of Antibiotics

The 5 basic mechanisms of action of antibiotics are:

  1. Inhibition of Cell Wall Synthesis
  2. Inhibition of Protein Synthesis
  3. Alteration of Cell Membranes
  4. Inhibition of Nucleic Acid Synthesis
  5. Antimetabolite Activity


Why Tooth infections need Antibiotics?

Pain, sensitivity, and swelling are the most common symptoms of a toothache. But when you have the severity of them with fever then you might be infected with bacterial microorganisms. For the infected case, antibiotic coverage is necessary. If they are left untreated, they can be life-threatening sometimes. The infection can be spread to nearby areas like the oral cavity, nose, ear, and as well as including brain.

Best Antibiotics for the teeth are used when:

  • You have a severe dental and associated infection
  • If the infection has spread nears
  • When you have a weakened immune system
  • When a surgical procedure is performed.
  • So, if you have a toothache, the proper cause should find out by seeking a dental expert.


Best antibiotics for Toothache

Not all tooth infections may need antibiotic treatment. The random use of antibiotics can cause drug resistance which is a threat. In case of teeth infections like the formation of abscess, antibiotic coverage along with the surgical interventions like the drain of the abscess, removal of infected teeth also may require.

There are different types of antibiotics for teeth infections. There are different types of antibiotics attacking the bacteria. Your dental professional will choose the type of antibiotics for teeth infection.

1.    Penicillin and Amoxicillin

These antibiotics are of penicillin class and they are most commonly used for the infection of the teeth as a treatment. They work by inhibiting the cell wall synthesis of bacteria.

But keep in mind that the penicillin antibiotics are mostly allergic so need to be cautious as an allergic reaction which can be fatal sometimes. Past history of allergic reaction to the drug and cautious should be done regarding the allergic reaction.

If you are allergic to penicillin, then different antibiotic such as clindamycin, erythromycin is also used as alternative antibiotics for the tooth infection.


2.    Metronidazole

Metronidazole is given to cover the anaerobic infection in the teeth. The mouth is highly prone to anaerobic infections. So, Gram positive bacteria coverage with anaerobic coverage is necessary for the tooth infection.

3.    Doxycycline

Doxycycline is the tetracycline group of antibiotics that is mostly used to treat many different bacterial infections like acne, Urinary tract infection, intestinal infections, eye infections, respiratory infections, syphilis. In the same way, it is also used in adult gum disease called periodontitis.  This medicine prevents the growth of bacteria.

Doxycycline and Metronidazole are among the most effective antibiotics for gum infections, according to utodent.com

And keep in mind that doxycycline should not be taken if you are allergic to tetracycline antibiotics.  Children younger than 8 years should this medicine cautiously and mostly it is not used as it can cause the permanent yellowing of the teeth in them. So, the use of doxycycline in those children is in cases of severe life-threatening conditions only.


4.    Azithromycin

Azithromycin is a macrolide class antibiotic now a day widely used for dental and gum infections also. This also covers mostly gram-positive bacterial. They directly act on the nucleus component of the bacterial cell.

5.    Clindamycin

Clindamycin is one of the best antibiotics with a wide range of bacteria. This antibiotic is also used as a drug of choice in treating dental infections. The chance of drug resistance is less in comparison to penicillin drugs and the allergic reaction incidence is also less.


The Bottom Line

For the best antibiotics for toothache, you always should be aware to use them. When you have toothache pain especially persistent throbbing nature with swelling, sensitivity, and an increase in temperature, it might be infected and you need to see the doctor or dentist as soon as possible.

If your dentist prescribes antibiotics, follow the instructions carefully and finish the prescription. Even if the infection seems mild, it can quickly become serious without proper treatment.


Author : Dr.Saroj K. Suwal





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